This Excel tutorial explains how to use the Excel PV function with syntax and examples.
The Microsoft Excel PV function returns the present value of an investment based on an interest rate and a constant payment schedule.
The syntax for the Microsoft Excel PV function is:
PV( interest_rate, number_payments, payment, [FV], [Type] )
Optional. It indicates when the payments are due. If the Type parameter is omitted, it assumes a Type value of 0. Type can be one of the following values:
|0||Payments are due at the end of the period. (default)|
|1||Payments are due at the beginning of the period.|
The PV function can be used in the following versions of Microsoft Excel:
The PV function can be used in Microsoft Excel as the following type of function:
Let's look at some PV examples and explore how to use the PV function as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel:
This first example returns the present value of an investment that pays $250 at the end of every month for 2 years. The money paid out will earn 7.5% annually.
=PV(7.5%/12, 2*12, 250, , 0)
This next example returns the present value of an investment that pays $50 at the beginning of every week for 4 years. The money paid out will earn 6% annually.
=PV(6%/52, 4*52, 50, , 1)
This next example returns the present value of an investment that pays $100 at the end of every year for 10 years. The money paid out will earn 5.25% annually.
=PV(5.25%/1, 10*1, 100, , 0)
The PV function can also be used in VBA code in Microsoft Excel.
Let's look at some Excel PV function examples and explore how to use the PV function in Excel VBA code:
Dim LValue As Currency LValue = PV(0.0525/1, 10*1, 100, , 0)
In this example, the variable called LValue would now contain the value of ($762.88)
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