MS Excel: DSUM Function (WS)

This Excel tutorial explains how to use the Excel DSUM function with syntax and examples.

Description

The Microsoft Excel DSUM function sums the numbers in a column or database that meets a given criteria.

Syntax

The syntax for the DSUM function in Microsoft Excel is:

`DSUM( range, field, criteria )`

Parameters or Arguments

range
The range of cells that you want to apply the criteria against.
field
The column to sum the values. You can either specify the numerical position of the column in the list or the column label in double quotation marks.
criteria
The range of cells that contains your criteria.

Applies To

The DSUM function can be used in the following versions of Microsoft Excel:

• Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2011 for Mac, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000

Type of Excel Function

The DSUM function can be used in Microsoft Excel as the following type of function:

• Worksheet function (WS)

Example (as Worksheet Function)

Let's look at some Excel DSUM function examples and explore how to use the DSUM function as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel:

Based on the Excel spreadsheet above, the following DSUM examples would return:

```=DSUM(A4:D8, "Unit Cost", A1:B2)
Result: 7.99```

Let's quickly explain why the DSUM function returns 7.99 in this example. The criteria for the DSUM calculation is found in cells A1:B2. This means that only those records where the order number is greater than 10567 and Quantity is greater than equal to 4 will be included in the sum calculations.

So in the example above, nly rows 6 and 8 meet those conditions. As a result, the DSUM adds together the Unit Cost values in only rows 6 and 8 to return 7.99 (5.00 + 2.99).

Here are some more examples of the DSUM function:

```=DSUM(A4:D8, 3, A1:B2)
Result: 7.99

=DSUM(A4:D8, "Quantity", A1:A2)
Result: 20

=DSUM(A4:D8, 2, A1:A2)
Result: 20```

Using Named Ranges

You can also use a named range in the DSUM function. For example, we've created a named range called orders that refers to Sheet1!\$A\$4:\$D\$8.

Then we've entered the following data in Excel:

Based on the Excel spreadsheet above, the following DSUM examples would return:

```=DSUM(orders, "Total Cost", A1:B2)
Result: 60.88

=DSUM(orders, 4, A1:B2)
Result: 60.88```

To view named ranges: Under the Insert menu, select Name > Define.

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