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MS Excel: PROPER Function (WS)

Learn how to use the Excel PROPER function with syntax and examples.


The Microsoft Excel PROPER function sets the first character in each word to uppercase and the rest to lowercase.


The syntax for the Microsoft Excel PROPER function is:

PROPER( text )

Parameters or Arguments

text is the string argument whose first character in each word will be converted to uppercase and all remaining characters converted to lowercase.

Applies To

The PROPER function can be used in the following versions of Microsoft Excel:

  • Excel 2013, Excel 2011 for Mac, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000

Type of Excel Function

The PROPER function can be used in Microsoft Excel as the following type of function:

  • Worksheet function (WS)

Example (as Worksheet Function)

Let's look at some Excel PROPER function examples and explore how to use the PROPER function as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel:

Microsoft Excel

Based on the spreadsheet above, the following Excel PROPER examples would return:

=PROPER(A1) would return "Alphabet Soup"
=PROPER(A2) would return "Tech On The Net"
=PROPER(A3) would return "Alpha Beta"
=PROPER("excel") would return "Excel"