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Excel Functions

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MS Excel: AVERAGE Function (WS)

Learn how to use the Excel AVERAGE function with syntax and examples.


The Microsoft Excel AVERAGE function returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the numbers provided.


The syntax for the Microsoft Excel AVERAGE function is:

AVERAGE( number1, [number2], ... [number_n] )

Parameters or Arguments

number1, number2, ... number_n are numeric values - they can be numbers, named ranges, arrays, or references to numbers. There can be up to 30 values entered.

Applies To

The AVERAGE function can be used in the following versions of Microsoft Excel:

  • Excel 2013, Excel 2011 for Mac, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000

Type of Excel Function

The AVERAGE function can be used in Microsoft Excel as the following type of function:

  • Worksheet function (WS)

Example (as Worksheet Function)

Let's look at some Excel AVERAGE function examples and explore how to use the AVERAGE function as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel:

Microsoft Excel

Based on the spreadsheet above, the following Excel AVERAGE examples would return:

=AVERAGE(B2, B3) would return 8.85
=AVERAGE(B3, B5, 45) would return 19.2
=AVERAGE(B2:B6) would return 46.24