excel functions

MS Excel: AVERAGE Function (WS)

This Excel tutorial explains how to use the Excel AVERAGE function with syntax and examples.


The Microsoft Excel AVERAGE function returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the numbers provided.


The syntax for the AVERAGE function in Microsoft Excel is:

AVERAGE( number1, [number2], ... [number_n] )

Parameters or Arguments

number1, number2, ... number_n
Numeric values that can be numbers, named ranges, arrays, or references to numbers. There can be up to 30 values entered.

Applies To

The AVERAGE function can be used in the following versions of Microsoft Excel:

  • Excel 2013, Excel 2011 for Mac, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000

Type of Excel Function

The AVERAGE function can be used in Microsoft Excel as the following type of function:

  • Worksheet function (WS)

Example (as Worksheet Function)

Let's look at some Excel AVERAGE function examples and explore how to use the AVERAGE function as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel:

Microsoft Excel

Based on the Excel spreadsheet above, the following AVERAGE examples would return:

Result: 8.85

=AVERAGE(B3, B5, 45)
Result: 19.2

Result: 46.24