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MS Excel: FORMAT Function with Strings (VBA)

Learn how to use the Excel FORMAT function (as it applies to string values) with syntax and examples.

Description

The Microsoft Excel FORMAT function takes a string expression and returns it as a formatted string.

Syntax

The syntax for the Microsoft Excel FORMAT function is:

Format ( expression, [ format ] )

Parameters or Arguments

expression is the value to format.

format is optional. It is the format to apply to the expression. You can either define your own format or use one of the named formats that Excel has predefined such as:

Format Explanation
General Number Displays a number without thousand separators.
Currency Displays thousand separators as well as two decimal places.
Fixed Displays at least one digit to the left of the decimal place and two digits to the right of the decimal place.
Standard Displays the thousand separators, at least one digit to the left of the decimal place, and two digits to the right of the decimal place.
Percent Displays a percent value - that is, a number multiplied by 100 with a percent sign. Displays two digits to the right of the decimal place.
Scientific Scientific notation.
Yes/No Displays No if the number is 0. Displays Yes if the number is not 0.
True/False Displays True if the number is 0. Displays False if the number is not 0.
On/Off Displays Off if the number is 0. Displays On is the number is not 0.
General Date Displays date based on your system settings
Long Date Displays date based on your system's long date setting
Medium Date Displays date based on your system's medium date setting
Short Date Displays date based on your system's short date setting
Long Time Displays time based on your system's long time setting
Medium Time Displays time based on your system's medium time setting
Short Time Displays time based on your system's short time setting

Applies To

The FORMAT function can be used in the following versions of Microsoft Excel:

  • Excel 2013, Excel 2011 for Mac, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000

Type of Excel Function

The FORMAT function can be used in Microsoft Excel as the following type of function:

  • VBA function (VBA)

Example (as VBA Function)

The FORMAT function can only be used in VBA code in Microsoft Excel.

Let's look at some Excel FORMAT function examples and explore how to use the FORMAT function in Excel VBA code:

Format("210.6", "#,##0.00")
Result: '210.60'

Format("210.6", "Standard")
Result: '210.60'

Format("0.981", "Percent")
Result: '98.10%'

Format("1267.5", "Currency")
Result: '$1,267.50'

Format("Sep 3, 2003", "Short Date")
Result: '9/3/2003'

For example:

Dim LValue As String

LValue = Format("0.981", "Percent")

In this example, the variable called LValue would now contain the value of '98.10%'.