MS Excel: ISERROR Function (WS, VBA)
The Microsoft Excel ISERROR function can be used to check for error values.
ISERROR Function (Syntax)
The syntax for the Microsoft Excel ISERROR function is:
ISERROR( value )
value is the value that you want to test. If value is an error value (#N/A, #VALUE!, #REF!, #DIV/0!, #NUM!, #NAME? or #NULL), this function will return TRUE. Otherwise, it will return FALSE.
The ISERROR function can be used in the following versions of Microsoft Excel:
- Excel 2013, Excel 2011 for Mac, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000
Type of Excel Function
The ISERROR function can be used in Microsoft Excel as:
- Worksheet function (WS)
- VBA function (VBA)
ISERROR Examples (as Worksheet Function)
Let's look at some Excel ISERROR function examples and explore how you would use the ISERROR function as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel:
Based on the Excel spreadsheet above, the following ISERROR function examples would return:
|=ISERROR(A1)||would return TRUE|
|=ISERROR(A2)||would return TRUE|
|=ISERROR(A3)||would return TRUE|
|=ISERROR(A4)||would return FALSE|
|=ISERROR("www.techonthenet.com")||would return FALSE|
|=ISERROR(3/0)||would return TRUE|
ISERROR Examples (as VBA Function)
The ISERROR function can also be used in VBA code in Microsoft Excel.
Let's look at some Excel ISERROR function examples and explore how you would use the ISERROR function in Excel VBA code:
Dim LReturnValue as Boolean LReturnValue = IsError(CustomFunction())
In this example, the variable called LReturnValue would now contain whether the call to the CustomFunction resulted in an error.
Frequently Asked Questions (ISERROR Function)
Question: Can you give me specific examples of when and how the ISERROR function is used. Specifically, in a worksheet why would I use this function instead of just running down a column or across a row to look for the errors?
Answer: Often times your spreadsheet contains a large amount of formulas which will not properly calculate when an error is encountered. The ISERROR function, in combination with the If function, can be used to default a cell's value when an error is occurred. This allows your formulas to evaluate properly without your intervention.
For example, you may encounter a scenario below:
Instead of using the formula:
You could use the ISERROR function as follows:
In this case, the ISERROR function would allow you to return a 0, when an error was encounter such as a "divide by 0 error". Now all of your formulas will still work.