# MS Excel: DCOUNTA Function (WS)

This Excel tutorial explains how to use the Excel DCOUNTA function with syntax and examples.

## Description

The Microsoft Excel DCOUNTA function returns the number of cells in a column or database that contains nonblank values and meets a given criteria.

## Syntax

The syntax for the Microsoft Excel DCOUNTA function is:

`DCOUNTA( range, field, criteria )`

### Parameters or Arguments

range is the range of cells that you want to apply the criteria against.

field is the column to count the values. You can either specify the numerical position of the column in the list or the column label in double quotation marks.

criteria is the range of cells that contains your criteria.

## Applies To

The DCOUNTA function can be used in the following versions of Microsoft Excel:

• Excel 2013, Excel 2011 for Mac, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000

## Type of Excel Function

The DCOUNTA function can be used in Microsoft Excel as the following type of function:

• Worksheet function (WS)

## Example (as Worksheet Function)

Let's look at some Excel DCOUNTA function examples and explore how to use the DCOUNTA function as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel:

Based on the spreadsheet above, the following Excel DCOUNTA examples would return:

```=DCOUNTA(A4:D8, "Unit Cost", A1:B2)
Result: 2

=DCOUNTA(A4:D8, 3, A1:B2)
Result: 2

=DCOUNTA(A4:D8, "Quantity", A1:A2)
Result: 3

=DCOUNTA(A4:D8, 2, A1:A2)
Result: 3```

### Using Named Ranges

You can also use a named range in the DCOUNTA function. For example, we've created a named range called orders that refers to Sheet1!\$A\$4:\$D\$8.

Then we've entered the following data in Excel:

Based on the spreadsheet above, the following Excel DCOUNTA examples would return:

```=DCOUNTA(orders, "Total Cost", A1:B2)
Result: 2

=DCOUNTA(orders, 4, A1:B2)
Result: 2```

To view named ranges: Under the Insert menu, select Name > Define.

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