excel functions

MS Excel: MIN Function (WS)

This Excel tutorial explains how to use the Excel MIN function with syntax and examples.


The Microsoft Excel MIN function returns the smallest value from the numbers provided.


The syntax for the MIN function in Microsoft Excel is:

MIN( number1, [number2, ... number_n] )

Parameters or Arguments

It can be a number, named range, array, or reference to a number.
number2, ... number_n
Optional. These are numeric values that can be numbers, named ranges, arrays, or references to numbers. There can be up to 30 values entered.

Applies To

The MIN function can be used in the following versions of Microsoft Excel:

  • Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2011 for Mac, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000

Type of Excel Function

The MIN function can be used in Microsoft Excel as the following type of function:

  • Worksheet function (WS)

Example (as Worksheet Function)

Let's look at some Excel MIN function examples and explore how to use the MIN function as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel:

Microsoft Excel

Based on the Excel spreadsheet above, the following MIN examples would return:

=MIN(A2, A3)
Result: 7.2

=MIN(A3, A5, -3)
Result: -3

Result: 5.4

=MIN(A2:A6, 3.6)
Result: 3.6