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access functions

MS Access: Format Function (with Numbers)

This MSAccess tutorial explains how to use the Access Format function (as it applies to numeric values) with syntax and examples.

Description

The Microsoft Access Format function takes a numeric expression and returns it as a formatted string.

Syntax

The syntax for the Format function in MS Access is:

Format ( expression, [ format ] )

Parameters or Arguments

expression is the value to format.

format is optional. It is the format to apply to the expression. You can either define your own format or use one of the named formats that Access has predefined such as:

Format Explanation
General Number Displays a number without thousand separators.
Currency Displays thousand separators as well as two decimal places.
Fixed Displays at least one digit to the left of the decimal place and two digits to the right of the decimal place.
Standard Displays the thousand separators, at least one digit to the left of the decimal place, and two digits to the right of the decimal place.
Percent Displays a percent value - that is, a number multiplied by 100 with a percent sign. Displays two digits to the right of the decimal place.
Scientific Scientific notation.
Yes/No Displays No if the number is 0. Displays Yes if the number is not 0.
True/False Displays True if the number is 0. Displays False if the number is not 0.
On/Off Displays Off if the number is 0. Displays On is the number is not 0.

Applies To

The Format function can be used in the following versions of Microsoft Access:

  • Access 2013, Access 2010, Access 2007, Access 2003, Access XP, Access 2000

Example

Let's look at how to use the Format function with numbers in MS Access:

Format (210.6, "#,##0.00")
Result: '210.60'

Format (210.6, "Standard")
Result: '210.60'

Format (0.981, "Percent")
Result: '98.10%'

Format (1267.5, "Currency")
Result: '$1,267.50'

Example in VBA Code

The Format function can be used in VBA code in Microsoft Access.

For example:

Dim LValue As String

LValue = Format (0.981, "Percent")

In this example, the variable called LValue would now contain the value of '98.10%'.

Example in SQL/Queries

You can also use the Format function in a query in Microsoft Access.

For example:

Microsoft Access

In this query, we have used the Format function as follows:

Expr1: Format(UnitPrice,"Currency")

This query will return the UnitPrice field formatted as a currency value. Since no label was provided, the results will be displayed in a column called Expr1. You can replace Expr1 with a column name that is more meaningful.

For example:

FormattedValue: Format(UnitPrice,"Currency")

The results would now be displayed in a column called FormattedValue.

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