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MS Access: IF-THEN-ELSE Statement

Learn how to use the Access IF-THEN-ELSE statement with syntax and examples.

Description

The Microsoft Access IF-THEN-ELSE statement can only be used in VBA code.

Syntax

The syntax for the Microsoft Access IF-THEN-ELSE statement is:

If condition_1 Then
   result_1

ElseIf condition_2 Then
   result_2
   
...

ElseIf condition_n Then
   result_n

Else
   result_else

End If

Parameters or Arguments

condition_1 to condition_n are evaluated in the order listed. Once a condition is found to be true, the IF-THEN-ELSE statement will execute the corresponding code and not evaluate the conditions any further.

result_1 to result_n is the code that is executed once a condition is found to be true.

Note

Applies To

The IF-THEN-ELSE function can be used in the following versions of Microsoft Access:

Example (in VBA Code)

The IF-THEN-ELSE statement can only be used in VBA code in Microsoft Access.

First, let's look at a simple example.

If [Region] ="N" Then
   [RegionName] = "North"
End If

Next, let's look at an example that uses ElseIf.

If [Region] ="N" Then
   [RegionName] = "North"

ElseIf [Region] = "S" Then
   [RegionName] = "South"

ElseIf [Region] = "E" Then
   [RegionName] = "East"

ElseIf [Region] = "W" Then
   [RegionName] = "West"

End If

Finally, let's look at an example that uses Else.

If [Region] ="N" Then
   [RegionName] = "North"

ElseIf [Region] = "S" Then
   [RegionName] = "South"
   
ElseIf [Region] = "E" Then
   [RegionName] = "East"
   
Else
   [RegionName] = "West"
   
End If