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MS Access: IF-THEN-ELSE Statement
Learn how to use the Access IF-THEN-ELSE statement with syntax and examples.
The Microsoft Access IF-THEN-ELSE statement can only be used in VBA code.
The syntax for the Microsoft Access IF-THEN-ELSE statement is:
If condition_1 Then result_1 ElseIf condition_2 Then result_2 ... ElseIf condition_n Then result_n Else result_else End If
Parameters or Arguments
condition_1 to condition_n are evaluated in the order listed. Once a condition is found to be true, the IF-THEN-ELSE statement will execute the corresponding code and not evaluate the conditions any further.
result_1 to result_n is the code that is executed once a condition is found to be true.
- If no condition is met, then the Else portion of the IF-THEN-ELSE statement will be executed.
- It is important to note that the ElseIf and Else portions are optional.
The IF-THEN-ELSE function can be used in the following versions of Microsoft Access:
- Access 2013, Access 2010, Access 2007, Access 2003, Access XP, Access 2000
Example (in VBA Code)
The IF-THEN-ELSE statement can only be used in VBA code in Microsoft Access.
First, let's look at a simple example.
If [Region] ="N" Then [RegionName] = "North" End If
Next, let's look at an example that uses ElseIf.
If [Region] ="N" Then [RegionName] = "North" ElseIf [Region] = "S" Then [RegionName] = "South" ElseIf [Region] = "E" Then [RegionName] = "East" ElseIf [Region] = "W" Then [RegionName] = "West" End If
Finally, let's look at an example that uses Else.
If [Region] ="N" Then [RegionName] = "North" ElseIf [Region] = "S" Then [RegionName] = "South" ElseIf [Region] = "E" Then [RegionName] = "East" Else [RegionName] = "West" End If