This SQL tutorial explains how to use the SQL MIN function with syntax and examples.
The SQL MIN function is used to return the minimum value of an expression in a SELECT statement.
The syntax for the SQL MIN function is:
SELECT MIN(aggregate_expression) FROM tables WHERE conditions;
OR the syntax for the MIN function when grouping the results by one or more columns is:
SELECT expression1, expression2, ... expression_n, MIN(aggregate_expression) FROM tables WHERE conditions GROUP BY expression1, expression2, ... expression_n;
The simplest way to use the SQL MIN function would be to return a single field that calculates the MIN value.
For example, you might wish to know the minimum salary of all employees.
SELECT MIN(salary) AS "Lowest salary" FROM employees;
In this SQL MIN function example, we've aliased the MIN(salary) field as "Lowest salary". As a result, "Lowest salary" will display as the field name when the result set is returned.
In some cases, you will be required to use the SQL GROUP BY clause with the SQL MIN function.
For example, you could also use the SQL MIN function to return the name of each department and the minimum salary in the department.
SELECT department, MIN(salary) AS "Lowest salary" FROM employees GROUP BY department;
Because you have listed one column in your SQL SELECT statement that is not encapsulated in the SQL MIN function, you must use the SQL GROUP BY clause. The department field must, therefore, be listed in the GROUP BY section.