Learn the cause and how to resolve the ORA-01438 error message in Oracle.
When you encounter an ORA-01438 error, the following error message will appear:
- ORA-01438: value larger than specified precision allows for this column
You tried to assign a numeric value to a column, but the value was larger than the column will allow. This occurred during either an INSERT or an UPDATE statement.
The option(s) to resolve this Oracle error are:
Assign a smaller precision value to the column.
Modify the definition of the table to allow for a higher precision number in the column. This can be done with a ALTER TABLE statement.
For example, if you had a table called suppliers defined as follows:
CREATE TABLE suppliers ( supplier_id number(5) not null, supplier_name varchar2(50) not null );
And you tried to execute the following INSERT statement:
INSERT into suppliers (supplier_id, supplier_name) VALUES (123456, 'IBM');
You would receive the following error message:
You could correct the error with either of the following solutions:Solution #1
You can correct the INSERT statement to assign a smaller precision value to the supplier_id column as follows:
INSERT into suppliers (supplier_id, supplier_name) VALUES (12345, 'IBM');Solution #2
You can modify the table definition of the suppliers table to allow for a 6 digit precision number.
ALTER TABLE suppliers MODIFY supplier_id number(6);